The role of lactate-to-albumin ratio to predict 30-day risk of death in patients with sepsis in the emergency department: a decision tree analysis

G Turcato, A Zaboli, S Sibilio, M Parodi, M Mian, F Brigo

    Research output: Contribution to journalOriginal Article (Journal)peer-review

    Abstract

    Background: Accurately estimating the prognosis of septic patients on arrival in the emergency department (ED) is clinically challenging. The lactate-to-albumin ratio (LAR) has recently been proposed to improve the predictive performance of septic patients admitted to the ICU. Objectives: This study aims to assess whether the LAR could be used as an early prognostic marker of 30-day mortality in patients with sepsis in the ED. Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in the ED of the Hospital of Merano. All patients with a diagnosis of sepsis were considered. The LAR was recorded on arrival in the ED. The primary outcome measure was mortality at 30 days. The predictive role of the LAR for mortality was evaluated with the area under the ROC curve, logistic regression adjusted for the Charlson Comorbidity Index value, National Early Warning Score, and Sequential Organ Failure score, and with decision tree analysis. Results: 459 patients were enrolled, of whom 17% (78/459) died at 30 days. The median LAR of the patients who died at 30 days (0.78 [0.45-1.19]) was significantly higher than the median LAR of survivors (0.42 [0.27-0.65]) (p < 0.001). The discriminatory ability of the LAR for death at 30 days was 0.738, higher than that of lactate alone (0.692), and slightly lower than that of albumin alone (0.753). The decision trees confirmed the role of the LAR as an independent risk factor for mortality. Conclusion: The LAR can be used as an index to better predict the 30-day risk of death in septic patients.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)345-352
    Number of pages8
    JournalCURRENT MEDICAL RESEARCH AND OPINION
    Volume40
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Mar 2024

    Keywords

    • Lactate-to-albumin ratio
    • albumin
    • sepsis
    • index
    • septic shock
    • emergency department
    • LAR
    • 28-DAY MORTALITY
    • SEPTIC SHOCK
    • INFECTION
    • ABILITY
    • Emergency Service, Hospital
    • Prognosis
    • Humans
    • Sepsis/diagnosis
    • Lactic Acid/blood
    • ROC Curve
    • Retrospective Studies
    • Decision Trees
    • Albumins/analysis
    • Index
    • Emergency department
    • Albumin
    • Septic shock
    • Sepsis
    • Lar

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