Analysis of modular taper fractures of the revision hip stem Prevision and comparison of the original and current taper design

Lutz Dreyer, Christian Bader, Thilo Flörkemeier, Michael Wagner (Last author)

Research output: Contribution to journalOriginal Article (Journal)peer-review

Abstract

AIMS: The risk of mechanical failure of modular revision hip stems is frequently mentioned in the literature, but little is currently known about the actual clinical failure rates of this type of prosthesis. The current retrospective long-term analysis examines the distal and modular failure patterns of the Prevision hip stem from 18 years of clinical use. A design improvement of the modular taper was introduced in 2008, and the data could also be used to compare the original and the current design of the modular connection.

METHODS: We performed an analysis of the Prevision modular hip stem using the manufacturer's vigilance database and investigated different mechanical failure patterns of the hip stem from January 2004 to December 2022.

RESULTS: Two mechanical failure patterns were identified: fractures in the area of the distal fluted profile (distal stem fracture) and failure of the modular taper (modular fracture). A failure rate of 0.07% was observed for distal stem fracture, and modular fracture rates of 1.74% for the original and 0.013% for the current taper design.

CONCLUSION: A low risk of mechanical failure for both fracture types was observed compared to other known complications in revision hip arthroplasty. In addition, the data show that a design change did significantly reduce the risk of a modular fracture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-157
Number of pages7
JournalBONE & JOINT JOURNAL
Volume106-B
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2024

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